Art & Culture
- Written by Pamela Hickman
Taking place on June 18th in the Henry Crown Auditorium of the Jerusalem Theatre, the final concert of the Jerusalem Symphony Orchestra’s 2018-2019 Vocal Series was a performance of G.F.Handel’s “Messiah”. Guest conductor Nicholas McGegan (UK) directed the performance, in which the Shahar Choir (conductor: Gila Brill), the Adi Choir (conductor: Oded Shomrony) and the Jerusalem Oratorio Capellate Choir (conductor: Naama Nazrathy) joined to form one choral body for the event. Soloists, under the auspices of the Israeli Opera, were soprano Tal Ganor, countertenor Alon Harari, baritone Oded Reich and Irish-born tenor Robin Tritschler, making his JSO- and Israeli opera debut.
Handel wrote the original version of “Messiah” in three to four weeks. Premiered in Dublin in 1742, with the composer now already established in London, the work drew such a large crowd that audience members were requested to leave their hoop skirts and swords at home for fear of overcrowding at the concert hall. In his libretto, Charles Jennens interspersed texts from both the Old Testament prophets and the New Testament, frequently using a metaphor — rarely narrative - to depict the story of the Messiah. Although the oratorio is primarily contemplative, with no speaking characters and hardly any action, it falls into three parts: Part One deals first with the prophecies concerning Christ’s birth. Part Two, the dramatic pinnacle of the work, tells of Christ’s passion, crucifixion, resurrection and ascension, with Part Three consisting entirely of commentary, principally on the resurrection and the theme of Christian redemption.
No new face in Jerusalem, Nicholas McGegan has conducted the JSO in several productions of Handel works. From the very opening sounds of the Overture at this performance, one is acutely aware of Maestro McGegan’s eloquent, finely chiseled approach to Baroque music and to Handel’s masterful instrumental score (here achieved, nevertheless, on modern instruments), uniquely reflecting the rhythmic quality and detailed dynamics of the speech patterns. The performance was served by four very fine soloists. A recitalist, oratorio- and opera singer today in great demand worldwide, tenor Robin Tritschler gave a performance that was expressive and splendidly served throughout by his clean, easeful and mellifluous timbre, as in his sensitive and compassionate rendition of “Behold and see if there be any sorrow like unto His sorrow”. Countertenor Alon Harari’s ample, stable voice, his ornamenting, sense of contrast and drama gave credence to the texts, obvious, for example, in his strategically-timed, dolorous singing of “He was despised”. Baritone Oded Reich created the specific mood of each piece, from the gripping “...I will shake the heavens and the earth” to the eerie “...people that walked in darkness” to the triumphant “The trumpet shall sound”, that latter enhanced by the trumpet obbligato role. Soprano Tal Ganor’s signature sound is bright, delicate, precise and pleasing. In “Rejoice greatly”, she negotiated the rapid melismatic moments with agility, assuredness, and exuberance.
But the performance was also a celebration of Handel’s choruses, as the singers here highlighted the work’s emotional agenda and messages, the dramatic potential of each text and the astonishing variety of Handel’s choral writing, whose course constantly shifts between a kind of “speaking” music, which declaims speech patterns in the text, and a more lyrical “singing” music, with keywords emerging for all to hear. The singers were highly attentive of McGegan, as they displayed confidence, the three choirs singing as one, their diction articulate (and British!), their performance of contrapuntal sections, however complex, well delineated. Their buoyant singing bristled with dynamic- and textural variety, at times subtly restrained, at others, gregarious and arresting. As to the pivotal Hallelujah chorus, when completed by Handel with no little anxiety and distress, the composer reportedly told his servant, “I did think I did see all Heaven before me, and the great God Himself seated on His throne, with His company of Angels.”
Following the first performance of “Messiah” in 1742, one critic referred to it as the “Sublime, the Grand and the Tender, adapted to the most elevated, majestick and moving Words, conspired to transport and charm the ravished Heart and Ear.” “Messiah” is one of the few pieces in music history to enjoy popular success during its composer's lifetime and never fall out of favour since his death. Most of today’s audiences have heard the oratorio countless times, know it word for word and approach each presentation with just a touch of trepidation: will this be simply “another” performance of ”Messiah”? In the case of the Jerusalem Symphony Orchestra’s event, the answer was a definite “no”! Maestro McGegan pooled his forces into creating a production that was wholehearted, fresh, exciting and elegant.
Nicholas McGegan (photo: Steve Sherman)
- Written by Embassy of India
Embassy of India Tel Aviv 4th International Day of Yoga 21 June 2018
In the year 2014, the longest day of summer solstice, 21 June, was adopted as the International Day of Yoga through a UN Resolution that was proposed by India and co-sponsored by 177 nations. Since then, the International Day of Yoga (IDY) is being celebrated all over the world with great enthusiasm and positive spirit. The Indian Diplomatic missions all over the world, take the lead in organizing events to mark the IYD.
The Embassy of India in Israel has been celebrating IDY since 2015 every year on 21 June. This year, the Embassy will organize the event at Port Tel Aviv, with the scenic backdrop of Mediterranean Sea.
The event is being organized in collaboration with the Ministry of Culture and Sport of Israel, Tel Aviv Yafo Municipality, Port Tel Aviv, Reebok, Ella Yoga, Yoga Teachers’ Association and Air India.
The program is from 1815- 2145 hrs and includes:
- Indian classical music performance,
- Sun salutations and Ashtanga Yoga practice by a renowned teacher from India Mr.Vijay Amar
- An official ceremony attended by the Ambassador of India in Israel and Israeli dignitaries,
- Common Yoga Protocol practice by senior yoga teacher from the US Mrs. Carrie Owerko and;
- Entertaining dance performance by Mr. Arun Kalakshethra and his dance group.
This year’s event may be aired live to several parts of the world. The event is free of cost, open to all, suits all yoga level practitioners. Just bring your mats and enjoy the spirit of yoga.
In today’s world of stress and conflict at several levels, Yoga brings a message of health, harmony, constructive and focused thinking and holistic wellbeing. We invite you to celebrate with us this eternal spirit of Yoga for generating and spreading the message of peace for the larger good of humanity.
You may register your participation by visiting our event page: https://ww.facebook.com/events/172049570165920/
Picture of Vijay Amar – credit to Embassy of India
- Written by Silvia G Golan & Stella Szpira
What is the connection between a rare blue stone from Afghanistan and Israel's national flag? And what does it have to do with a mysterious snail that appears once every 70 years? “Out of the Blue”
A new exhibition at the Bible Lands Museum Jerusalem, in honor of Israel’s 70th anniversary year, traces the thread of the mysterious blue color, tekhelet, on its journey from the Mediterranean shores over 3,500 years ago through to the national colors of the State of Israel
Bible Lands Museum Jerusalem Opening on June 1, 2018
A new exhibition, “Out of the Blue”, opening June 1 at the Bible Lands Museum Jerusalem, will reveal the secrets of tekhelet and argaman, two precious colors which have carried great significance for generations up to the present day. Opening in honor of Israel’s 70th anniversary year, the exhibition traces the blue tekhelet thread from the early peoples of the Near East, when tekhelet was a vibrant heavenly blue color linked to the divine realm, through to the colors of Israel’s national flag.
The sacred meaning of tekhelet took root in Jewish history when the Israelites were commanded to cover the Ark of the Covenant and Tabernacle utensils with tekhelet dyed cloths, and to tie tekhelet threads to the corners of their garments as a reminder of God and his commandments. The Bible mentions tekhelet alongside another luxurious color – argaman, the majestic purple, which was a prestigious color of great importance in the ancient world and a symbol of royalty and nobility. With the decline of the blue and purple dye industry, the skill required to produce these dyes was lost and forgotten for centuries. In recent generations, interest in the colors has revived after researchers traced the source of both tekhelet and argaman to murex snails indigenous to the Mediterranean Sea.
Out of the Blue showcases unique archeological and historical items of profound cultural significance. The exhibition will display for the first time two-thousand-year-old tekhelet and argaman dyed fragments of textiles found in the caves of the Judean Desert and Masada. Also on display:
- a unique crown embedded with the rare lapis lazuli gemstone
- the only known jar in the world that was painted entirely in purple, featuring royal inscriptions of Darius I, king of Persia, in four languages
- fascinating archaeological evidence for the purple dye industry from Tel Shikmona and Tel Dor
- rare prayer shawls and historic flags as Israel celebrates its 70th anniversary year.
Amanda Weiss, Director of the Bible Lands Museum says: "This special exhibition looks at the magnificence as well as the significance of the color blue in the ancient world, and ties the blue dyed threads mentioned in the Bible and extra-biblical texts, to the very design of the flag of the State of Israel today. BLMJ is proud to be the one Museum in the world that highlights the relevance and continuity of the roots of civilization in this region and their impact on our world today in a universal and non-sectarian way.”
The journey to the origins of the color blue begins with a semi-precious blue stone, lapis lazuli, which was imported from distant Afghanistan to the ancient Near East. The stone was prized for its heavenly color, and in Mesopotamian, Egyptian and Canaanite cultures it was associated with the sky, where the gods were believed to reside. The shimmering, deep blue stone was considered one of the world’s most desirable and precious materials. The Bible called lapis lazuli "sapphire" and it appears in the books of Exodus and Ezekiel in descriptions of God’s throne and footstool. In the Talmud, this sapphire stone (which is different from the mineral now called by this name) is linked to tekhelet, the prestigious color used to dye tzitzit (ritual fringes) threads and the fabrics of the tabernacle.
Due to the rarity and value of lapis lazuli, the ancients attempted to imitate it using artificial compounds such as Egyptian blue, faience, and glass, all of which feature in jewelry and ritual objects displayed in the exhibition. Moreover, in search of bold and impressive dyes, the inhabitants of the ancient Mediterranean found a way to extract luxurious, fade-resistant pigments from the body of murex snails. Splendid dyes were manufactured by a complex process and applied to woolen textiles in hues ranging from blue to reddish purple –the biblical tekhelet and argaman.
Nobles and members of royal families flaunted fashionable garments of blue and purple as symbols of their eminence. According to the Greek historians, Cyrus king of Persia introduced purple garments to the royal wardrobe. The same mode of dress was later adopted by the Hellenistic kings and the Roman Caesars. Purple was considered the most prestigious dye in the Roman world, but Jewish sources attributed a greater importance to the tekhelet blue. In the descriptions of the Tabernacle and its utensils in the book of Exodus, tekhelet always appears before argaman (purple). It is recorded that the robe of the High Priest was "pure blue," and every Israelite was commanded to place a blue thread in the tassels (tzitzit) in the corners of their garments.
During the Roman period, when nobles and dignitaries wore tunics adorned with purple stripes, the Jews adopted similar styles. A four-cornered garment decorated with stripes and tassels known in Jewish sources as tallit was worn daily. With the decline of the blue and purple dye industry, the blue thread disappeared from the tassels, but the tallit, which had become a prayer shawl, was often decorated with blue stripes – a memento of the tekhelet thread that had once been part of the tzitzit. At the end of the 19th century, the leaders of the Zionist movement sought to create a flag that could express the identity and national aspirations of the Jewish people. The flag chosen was a white cloth with tekhelet blue stripes and a Star of David in its center. The tekhelet blue, which reminded every Jew of their connection to God, remained in the memory of the people and became an integral part of the national symbol of the State of Israel.
The exhibition displays important artifacts from the collection of the Bible Lands Museum Jerusalem and objects generously lent by several museums and institutions in Israel, as well as by private collectors. This exhibition was made possible with the support and cooperation of The Elie and Batya Borowski Foundation, the American Friends of the BLMJ, the Lands of the Bible Archaeology Foundation, Canada, and the British Friends of the BLMJ, the Israel Antiquities Authority, private donors and with the support of the Israel Ministry of Culture and Sport, The Ministry of Education and the Municipality of Jerusalem.
A Once in a Lifetime Experience at the Bible Lands Museum Jerusalem
Delve deeper into the Bible by learning about the lives of the people who populated the Ancient Near East at the award-winning Bible Lands Museum Jerusalem. Founded by the late Dr. Elie Borowski and his wife Batya, the Bible Lands Museum's extensive collection helps visitors gain a more intimate understanding of the Bible by discovering the daily practices of people who lived during that period: how they cooked, how they worshiped, how they buried their dead, how they made weapons, and how they wore jewelry, among many other aspects.
The Bible Lands Museum Jerusalem (BLMJ) is located on Museum Row, and the collection draws from the vast geographic area reaching from Afghanistan in the east to the Mediterranean Sea in the west, from the Caucasian mountains in the north to Nubia (today's Sudan) in the south.
The collection dates from the dawn of civilization, focusing on the pre-historic era 6,000 years ago to the Byzantine Era, up until 1450 CE. Through interactive exhibitions, the museum also aims to draw parallels among the monotheistic religions and give visitors a better understanding of the ancient cultures in this region that gave birth to the Bible.
BLMJ was opened to the public on May 11, 1992, and has since earned international acclaim as a universal center for cultural and educational programming. It leads innovative tours for school children, presents weekly lectures, and offers a variety of courses for adults. The Museum is a vibrant cultural institution offering creative programs for families and a rich array of activities throughout the year.
For more than 50 years, Dr. Elie Borowski assembled a priceless collection of artifacts, which provide the core exhibition of the Museum. His dream was to create a universal institution where people of all faiths would come to learn about biblical history, the moral and ethical principles that are the foundation of the Judeo-Christian heritage.
The rare collection leads you on a journey through time, unlocking the key to the origins of writing, and revealing the daily lives and religious rituals of our ancestors. History unfolds through artifacts such as figurines, mosaics and more.
In honor of Israel’s 70th year of independence, the BLMJ is launching a new exhibition and an innovative multidisciplinary program, each offering fresh and up-to-date perspectives on the region and Israel — the Jewish nation and the start-up nation.
Out of the Blue | New Exhibition
The exhibition embarks on a journey which starts in the heavens, the abode of the divine yearned for by mankind throughout the generations. The quest for the heavenly blue leads us to the depths of the sea where we encounter an enigmatic creature – the source of the most brilliant and prestigious of colors. Winding our way through its shades and hues we follow the Tekhelet thread as it takes us from the secrets of the ancient dyers to the vibrant blue of Israel’s national flag. Opening: June 2018
Start-Up Bible Nations | New Display
Expect the unexpected: An innovative look at the highlights of the Museum’s collections where you will discover some of the earliest entrepreneurial initiatives paired with modern Israeli innovations that are game changers in the world today.
Tours available from May 2018
You are invited on a journey through time connecting the past, present, and future; from the days of the patriarchs through the formation of the Jewish people, all the way to the declaration of Israel's independence and growth as the world’s start-up nation.
- The Museum is open 7 days a week!
- Fully accessible for disabled
- Free parking
- Guided tours in multiple languages including English, Italian, Spanish, French, Portuguese, German, Russian, Hebrew and Arabic.
- Special programs for families available
- Museum Shop
Tour lengths and topics vary according to the theme and the number of
participants. Advance reservations are required and must be coordinated with the Museum.
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Photos Silvia Golan
- Written by Yad Vashem
“I see a sign that we will meet each other face-to-face in our Land, our Homeland, Eretz Israel.“
Ten-year-old Eliezer Rudnik wrote these words in 1937 to his aunts who had immigrated to Eretz Israel. The letter, written in Hebrew, is surrounded by rows of Yiddish that his parents wrote due to lack of pages. Aryeh and Sarah Rudnik and their son Eliezer were the only Jews living in the Ukrainian village of Kosmaczow. They were shot in 1942 by a killing pit after the German occupation. Eliezer's letter is just one of the hundreds of items now on display in a new exhibition at Yad Vashem, the World Holocaust Remembrance Center, entitled "They Say There Is a Land: Longings for Eretz Israel during the Holocaust."
This exhibition, which opened today in the Auditorium Exhibitions Hall of Yad Vashem's Museums Complex, features artworks, artifacts, diaries, letters and testimonies collected by Yad Vashem over the years, all of which illustrate how Jews yearned for Eretz Israel during and immediately following the Shoah in the years 1933-1948. The exhibition is divided into three chapters. The first chapter presents how Jews viewed their connection to and longing for the Land of Israel during the time of the rise of the Nazi party to power in Germany until the outbreak of World War II. It was during this period that Jews searched for asylum in various countries, including Eretz Israel. The second chapter focuses on the years 1940-1944 – from the period of the ghettos to extermination. During this stage, the Jewish communities in Europe dwindled, and under their daily struggle for survival, many Jews found themselves distanced from Eretz Israel to the point of disengagement; however, their hearts' yearning for the Land was never stronger. The third chapter focuses on the period of the aftermath of the Holocaust, the Displaced Persons camps in Europe and the detention camps in Cyprus, until the establishment of the State of Israel. At this time, many survivors felt that only in the Land of Israel would they be able to regain their stature and build a full Jewish communal and personal life.
"The longings for Zion and the Land of Israel has been a cornerstone of Jewish identity for generations, manifested in many different forms," Yad Vashem Chairman Avner Shalev stated at the exhibition's opening. "While the Zionist movement was not embraced by the majority of Jews in Europe during the Nazi rise to power, through the course of the Holocaust and in its aftermath it became increasingly popular. This exhibition portrays the ways in which Jews before, during and after the Shoah expressed their dreams for a brighter future in the Land of Israel, and their fervent hope to rebuild their lives here."
The exhibition's title is the same as a well-known poem written by celebrated Hebrew poet Shaul Tchernichovsky in 1923 in Berlin. The poem brings up existential questions that characterized the Jewish people's struggle with its future in the interwar period, as well as the forces of dream versus reality, and hope versus despair.
"I am so moved to see my map and the story of my family displayed here at Yad Vashem," said Ilana Karniel (née Elina Landau), one of the "Tehran Children" rescued during the Holocaust. "My brother Emil-Emmanuel [who created the map and gave it to Elina] was truly a special person. Despite his young age, he understood very well the world he lived in. In his diary, which he kept throughout our journey, he writes about his dreams of coming to Eretz Israel, despite growing up in a secular family in Warsaw."
"They Say There Is a Land" was curated by Yad Vashem's Museums Division Director Vivian Uria. Yad Vashem Chief Historian Prof. Dina Porat is the Historical Advisor for the exhibition.
The Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority
Jerusalem 9103401 Israel
Fax: (972) 2 6443569
Photos and Video : Yad Vashem
- Written by Talma Gotteiner
‘Jerusalem Day’ is celebrated according to the Hebrew calendar on the 28th of Iyar, which falls this year, on the upcoming Sunday, May 13th, 2018. It commemorates the date of liberation and unification of Jerusalem during the Six-Day War.
Following the truce of the Independence War in 1948, Jerusalem was left divided with a border running in the middle of its streets between the Jordanian side and the Israeli side with a small area of ‘no man’s land’ in between. The Six-Day War in 1967 made the city whole again. I am proposing a trip that will take you to related heritage sites.
Trip Agenda Options
- Ammunition Hill – The northern battlefield heritage site
- The Old City Wall Promenade leading to the ‘Wailing Wall’
- Yvel Design Center – A present day Zionistic enterprise
This trip must begin on ammunition hill because that is where you’ll receive all the historical background. The visit starts with a tour of the museum, is followed by a tour of the battlefield and is concluded at the new commemoration hall built by the Jewish National Fund (JNF) in collaboration with the families of the fallen soldiers.
The beauty of the museum is that after a preliminary film on the diplomatic atmosphere just prior to the war, it walks you through the events during the war on a daily basis. The museum presents the activities of all the brigades and units at all fronts, the challenges that they faced and how they coped with them through a series of original films and audiovisual testimonies. In addition, the museum displays a collection of various personal items from the battles, among them illustrations made by fighters during the war and the flag that was waved from the Western Wall at the end of the war.
The tour on the hill itself takes you through the bunkers and trenches. It provides a viewpoint of the city and a perspective of the proximity of the battlefield to the city. On top of the hill itself there is a memorial for the 66 Paratroopers Brigade that fought on ammunition hill.
In addition, there is a new commemoration hall that provides the collective spirit of the fighters and their families from all the units (Air Force, Paratrooper brigade, Jerusalem brigade and Harel brigade) regardless of rank and position. Aside from the personal photos and items on display, a digital summary on each of the 182 soldiers is available to make their stories more accessible. What was especially moving during my tour, was the personal story of the Marketing Manager, Alon Wald who presented the hall to the group. As son to a fallen soldier, Captain Rami Wald and as a Paratrooper and Officer himself, he was able to convey the sense of loss for those who had their lives before them but gave the ultimate sacrifice to their country.
I took a day tour, but they also have night tours. Additionally, I’ve included some related Jerusalem Day events on the bulletin that is on my ‘Members Only’ page. Subscription is free.
The Old City Wall Promenade leading to the ‘Wailing Wall’
As you can see from ammunition hill, the old city is nearby. A self-guided tour old city walls ramparts is a beautiful way to reach one of the gates that the soldiers entered from in order to reach the ‘Wailing Wall’. Although the city walls were originally built 4,000 years ago, the present walls were built by Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent in the 16th century. They are ~4 km long, 2.5m thick and ~12m high.
The ramparts can be walked on via two routes each taking ~1.5 hrs since they don’t complete a full circle. The northern portion starts from the Jaffa Gate, just next door to the ticket office and continues to the Lions Gate from whence the Paratroopers entered the city. The southern portion starts from the Tower of David Museum, right across the street on the other side of the Jaffa gate and continues till the Dung Gate from whence the Jerusalem brigade entered the city. Tickets to both are sold in the Old City Information Office located just inside the Jaffa Gate. I took the southern route this time and took some lovely photos.
This is Mishkenot Sha’ananim neighborhood, the first neighborhood to be built outside the old city walls by Sir Moses Montefiore in the 19th century. You can see the flour windmill that he helped build in order to assist the settlers financially.
The Armenian quarter, the smallest of the old city quarters, serves the Armenian community, the first nation to accept Christianity in 301 CE. The church with the dome is dedicated to two St. James, the brother of Jesus and James the Apostle, one of Jesus’s 12 followers.
The Dormition Church with it’s pointed dome and bell tower that commemorates the place of passing away of Mary who according to Christian tradition fell asleep and ascended into heaven.
You can either get off the ramparts at the Zion Gate (note: if you do, you can’t get back on) or continue till the end of the ramparts toward the Dung Gate. Just before you walk down you see in front of you the golden Dome of the Rock on Temple Mount.
Once you get down, you will see the ‘Dung Gate’ to your right
and thanks to the Six-Day War, enter the ‘Wailing Wall’ area to your left
I was happy to see many school children on their way to the wall to celebrate the day.
Yvel Design Center
I was deliberating if I should include this in my post, but I was impressed by the sincerity of the Zionistic values of the company that to my mind continue the legacy. I’d first heard about ‘Yvel’ from a reader of mine who recommended it to me after one of my previous posts on Jerusalem. I wrote back that I’d keep it in mind and indeed the time has come.
Yvel, is an award-winning jewelry company specializing in natural pearls, that is committed to assisting new immigrants integrate into society. Around 90% of the current employees are new immigrants.
In particular, the founders, Isaac and Orna Levy have taken to heart the difficulties of the Ethiopian community and have established a school called ‘Megemeria’ an Ethiopian word meaning ‘Genesis’ in English or ‘Beresheet’ in Hebrew. The school accepts 20-22 students each year for professional education and training at no cost. In addition, the students are provided with a full stipend and assistance in job placement at the end of their studies.
A visit to the Yvel design center includes films telling the stories of ‘Yvel’ and ‘Megemeria’, a tour of the jewelry factory, a tour of the historic building that includes a wine cellar where they sell wines from all the vineyards in the region, an events hall and gorgeous display. Prices start at $50.
All profits generated from the ‘Megemeria’ students collection are put into a separate company that funds the school’s program.
The company is located just outside Jerusalem so you can visit it either coming or going from Tel-Aviv.
Address: 1 Yechiel Steinberg St., Ramat Motza, Jerusalem
You can buy lights snacks at ammunition hill, but for lunch, I’d recommend to stop at one of the restaurants on or near ‘Mamilla mall’ from where you can continue easily to Jaffa Gate: ‘Happy Fish’, ‘Rooftop’, ‘Café Rimon’, ‘Caffit Mamilla’, ‘Café Gregg’, ‘Kedma Brasserie’, ‘Luciana’ and ‘Satya Restaurant’.
A few suggestions include: ‘Hotel Prima Kings’,‘Gloria Hotel’, ‘Dan Boutique Jerusalem’, ‘David Citadel Hotel’, ‘Mamilla Hotel’, ‘National Hotel Jerusalem’, ‘Eldan Hotel’, , ‘Leonardo Plaza Hotel’, ‘Montefiore Hotel’, ‘David Citadel Hotel’, ‘King David Hotel’ and ‘Inbal Jerusalem Hotel’.
The trip took two half days. I’ve placed the locations on the map for your convenience.
This is what it looks like on the map:
Happy Jerusalem Day!